Greek Philosophy | Category

Socrates | Know thyself

Why did his pupils reverence Socrates so? Perhaps because he was a man as well as a philosopher: he had at great risk saved the life of Alcibiades in battle; and he could drink like a gentleman—without fear and without excess. But no doubt they liked best in him the modesty of his wisdom: he did not claim to have wisdom, but only to seek...

Plato (c. 428 – 348 BC) | Dialogues | Index

Plato (c. 428 – 348 BC) | Dialogues | Index. Here you can read online the works of one of the most influential and important Philosopher of the Ancient Greece Plato. Without studies of Plato it may be very difficult to understand later Western Idealistic philosophies, including those of Christianity and especially those of Eastern Orthodox Christianity - they all have developed under influence of...

Milesian School Philosophy | Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes

It was not accidental that the first Western Philosophers, pre-Socratics were citizens of Miletus, a prosperous trading centre of Ionian Greeks on the Asiatic coast, where Greek and Oriental cultures met and mingled. The Milesian heritage included the myths and religious beliefs of their own people and their Eastern neighbours and also the store of Egyptian and Babylonian knowledge. For the Greeks knowledge became an...

Pythagoras and Early Pythagoreanism

Pythagoras and Early Pythagoreanism: Pythagoras was born on the island of Samos in the eastern Aegean sometime around 570 BCE. Eventually, Pythagoras settled in Croton, in southern Italy: There he was well-respected and gained political influence. He founded a community for himself and his followers that was philosophical, political, and religious. In about 500 there was an uprising in Croton (and elsewhere in Italy) against the Pythagoreans.

Six Enneads | Plotinus

Plotinus (c. 204-270) is often accredited as the founder of Neo-Platonism. In an attempt to revive Platonic thought, this 3rd century philosopher and mystic wrote about issues such as virtue, happiness, reason, body, and soul, with Plato's philosophy as his guide. Plotinus located the source of creation in a supreme ‘One’. Plotinus believed this "One" transcended being, non-being, multiplicity and division.