Religious Philosophy | Category

Socrates | Know thyself

Why did his pupils reverence Socrates so? Perhaps because he was a man as well as a philosopher: he had at great risk saved the life of Alcibiades in battle; and he could drink like a gentleman—without fear and without excess. But no doubt they liked best in him the modesty of his wisdom: he did not claim to have wisdom, but only to seek

Plato (c. 428 – 348 BC) | Dialogues | Index

Plato (c. 428 – 348 BC) | Dialogues | Index. Here you can read online the works of one of the most influential and important Philosopher of the Ancient Greece Plato. Without studies of Plato it may be very difficult to understand later Western Idealistic philosophies, including those of Christianity and especially those of Eastern Orthodox Christianity - they all have developed under influence of

Milesian School Philosophy | Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes

It was not accidental that the first Western Philosophers, pre-Socratics were citizens of Miletus, a prosperous trading centre of Ionian Greeks on the Asiatic coast, where Greek and Oriental cultures met and mingled. The Milesian heritage included the myths and religious beliefs of their own people and their Eastern neighbours and also the store of Egyptian and Babylonian knowledge. For the Greeks knowledge became an

George Berkeley | Philosophy & Biography | Index

George Berkeley (1685 –1753) George Berkeley is one of the greatest and most influential Western philosophers of the early modern period: Below you can read some works of the George Berkeley himself and some articles on his biography and philosophical views, known as Immaterialism or Subjective Idealism, postulating that nothing exists outside of the consciousness. Along the way, he made influential proposals concerning the psychology,

Leo Tolstoy | Works & Biography | Index

Lev (Leo) Tolstoy, the renowned Russian novelist, won worldwide fame as a moralist and sage for his anti-ecclesiastical interpretation of Christianity and fervent preaching of non-violence. Here you can find an Index of all published works of Leo Tolstoy on, the full Biography, review of his philosophical views and several of Leo Tolstoy's main philosophical works.

Christian Non-Violence and Pacifism Philosophy

The collection of articles on Christian Non-Violence and Pacifism philosophy you will find here. Except of those pertaining to Anabaptist Christianity, which are collected altogether in a separate category. The essence of Christian Non-Violence philosophy is probably expressed the best in short in the famous Declaration of Sentiments by William Lloyd Garrison which states: We register our testimony, not only against all wars, but [against]

Pythagoras and Early Pythagoreanism

Pythagoras and Early Pythagoreanism: Pythagoras was born on the island of Samos in the eastern Aegean sometime around 570 BCE. Eventually, Pythagoras settled in Croton, in southern Italy: There he was well-respected and gained political influence. He founded a community for himself and his followers that was philosophical, political, and religious. In about 500 there was an uprising in Croton (and elsewhere in Italy) against the Pythagoreans.

Six Enneads | Plotinus

Plotinus (c. 204-270) is often accredited as the founder of Neo-Platonism. In an attempt to revive Platonic thought, this 3rd century philosopher and mystic wrote about issues such as virtue, happiness, reason, body, and soul, with Plato's philosophy as his guide. Plotinus located the source of creation in a supreme ‘One’. Plotinus believed this "One" transcended being, non-being, multiplicity and division.

Seneca | Moral Letters to Lucilius

Moral letters to Lucilius - Among the personalities of the early Roman Empire there are few who offer to the readers of today such dramatic interest as does Lucius Annaeus Seneca (c. 4 BC – AD 65) , the author of the Epistles which are published in the following pages. These letters are all addressed to Lucilius. The writer deals with subjects, such as Moral

René Descartes | Discourse on the Method

René Descartes (31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650) was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist. Considered one of the fathers of modern western philosophy, much of subsequent Western philosophy is a response to his writings, which are studied closely to this day. One of his fundamental works was Discourse on the Method which we will read on the following pages. Basic maxim of the